Estonia and language

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Estonia and language

Is Estonia the world’s smallest country?

Certainly not. With an area of 45 000 sq km, Estonia is larger for example than Denmark or Switzerland, more than twice the size of Slovenia, or a little smaller than New Hampshire and Massachusetts combined. Located in Northern Europe beside the Baltic Sea, Estonia stretches 350 km from east to west and 240 km from north to south. Sea islands form one tenth and lakes about one twentieth of the nation’s territory. All in all, Estonia’s territory comprises 0.03 per cent of the world’s land area. Conversely, with its population of 1.3 million, Estonia ranks among the smallest countries in the world. Compared to the densely inhabited Central Europe, Estonians have plenty of room – an average number of people per sq km is 30, similar to that in the United States and around twice as high as in Finland.

From “A dozen questions about Estonia”

 

Here you can find more information about Estonia:

Estonica

Wikipedia page

 

The Estonian language

The majority of European languages belong to the Indo-European language group (e.g. Spanish, Polish, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Albanian, Romany, Greek or Welsh). Of the ancient European languages, once so widespread throughout the continent, Basque in the Pyrenees, the Finno-Ugric languages in the North and Central Europe, and Caucasian languages (e.g. Georgian) in the southeastern corner of Europe have managed to survive.

The Estonian language belongs to the Finnic branch of Finno-Ugric group of languages. It is not therefore related to the neighbouring Indo-European languages such as Russian, Latvian and Swedish. Finnish, Hungarian and Estonian are the best known of the Finno-Ugric languages; rather less known are the following smaller languages of the same language group: South Estonian, Votic, Livonian, Ingrian, Veps, Karelian, Ludic, Sami, Erzya, Moksha, Mari, Udmurt, Komi, Mansi and Khanty spoken from Scandinavia to Siberia.

From “Estonian Language”

 

Travelling in Estonia:

Lonelyplanet

 

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